Current diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities of diabetic retinopathy and macular edema


Authors: Mária Molnárová
Authors‘ workplace: VIKOM, s. r. o., 1. žilinské očné centrum, Žilina 1;  Očná klinika JLF UK, Martin 2
Published in: Forum Diab 2019; 8(2): 106-110
Category:

Overview

In the upcoming decade a rapid increase in DM and thereby also diabetic retinopathy is envisaged. The improvement of diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities significantly enhances and accelerates the clinical and socio-economic effectiveness of therapeutic procedures. In the treatment of PDR still predominates laser coagulation. In the treatment of diabetic macular edema, laser therapy was replaced by intravitreal pharmacotherapy with anti-growth factors. Steroids administered intravitreally remain reserved for chronic macular edema. Surgical treatment – pars plana vitrectomy – is indicated for advanced proliferative diabetic retinopathy and chronic persistent diabetic macular edema not responding to intravitreal antiVEGF or steroid therapy.

Keywords:

A OCT – antiVEGF – diabetic macula edema – diabetic retinopathy – diagnostics – FAG – intravitreous surgery laser therapy – OCT – surgery – surgical treatment


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine

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