The novel coronavirus infection COVID-19 and lung diseases: a pneumologist’s view


Authors: František Sándor
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika pneumológie a ftizeológie LF UK a UNB, Nemocnica Ružinov
Published in: Forum Diab 2022; 11(1): 10-14
Category:

Overview

According to the WHO statistics COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is the third leading cause of mortality worldwide. During more than 2 years of world pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus COVID-19 (COronaVIrus Disease 2019), multiple studies have seen light elucidating the correlation between chronic lung diseases such as COPD, bronchial asthma, lung cancer, ILD (Interstitital Lung Diseases) and the clinical course of COVID-19 infection. The common staple manifestation is the development of various degrees of hypoxemic respiratory failure frequently requiring hospital stay. Most clinical studies are consistent in their conclusions, that these patients have not just an increased risk of severe disease, yet also suffer from higher mortality due to COVID-19 infection. There is also some evidence supporting adequate control of chronic lung diseases minimizes the long-term consequences of novel coronavirus infection. In the light of these data, apart from aggressive vaccination campaign, it is paramount in this group of patients to ensure early diagnosis followed by prompt treatment modalities in order to minimize mortality and long term complications of acute COVID-19 infection.

Keywords:

hypoxemic respiratory failure – COVID-19 disease – chronic pulmonary diseases


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Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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