Coronary artery disease and women


Authors: Anna Vachulová 1;  Martin Svetlošák 1;  Andrea Vašková 2;  Jozef Pacák 3;  Branislav Vohnout 4;  Ľuboš Urban 1;  Slavomíra Filipová 5
Authors‘ workplace: Oddelenie arytmií a kardiostimulácie, NÚSCH, a. s., Bratislava, primár prof. MUDr. Robert Hatala, CSc., FESC, FACC 1;  Oddelenie gynekológie a pôrodníctva, FNsP J. A. Reimana, Prešov, prednosta MUDr. Jozef Adam, PhD. 2;  Oddelenie intervenčnej kardiológie, NÚSCH, a. s., Bratislava, primár MUDr. Viliam Fridrich, PhD. 3;  Diabetologická a lipidologická ambulancia – poruchy metabolizmu a výživy, Slovenská zdravotnícka univerzita, Bratislava 4;  Klinika kardiológie a angiológie, LF SZU, NÚSCH, a. s., Bratislava, prednosta prof. MUDr. Róbert Hatala, CSc. 5
Published in: Forum Diab 2015; 4(1): 33-39
Category: Topic

Overview

Worldwide, cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality in women regarding to age, race, ethnicity, although the prevalence increases especially after menopause. Many factors contribute to the increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in women. Some of them are modifiable (obesity, smoking, dyslipoproteinaemia, hypertension, impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes mellitus). Some of them are underestimated. Women have a longer life expectancy than men. However, this trend of increased incidence of cardiovascular disease will deteriorate in consequence of growing epidemic of obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes, clinical states which mainly affect women. Atypical symptoms, old-age onset and higher prevalence of risk factors partly explain the higher incidence of complications and poorer prognosis of cardiovascular disease in women. Therefore, the efforts of doctors and healthcare professionals should lead to consistent recognition and treatment of risk factors of atherosclerosis and its complications.

Key words:
coronary artery disease – diagnostics of stable angina pectoris – risk factors of atherosclerosis – treatment of stable angina pectoris – women


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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