Infant of diabetic mother

Authors: Lucia Časnocha Lúčanová;  Mirko Zibolen
Authors‘ workplace: Neonatologická klinika JLF UK a UNM, Martin
Published in: Forum Diab 2023; 12(3): 92-97
Category: Review Article


Diabetes mellitus in mothers is involved in the development of many pathological conditions in their offspring. Infants of diabetic mothers are often macrosomic and have an increased incidence of birth trauma, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, polycythemia, hyperbilirubinemia, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS), cardiomyopathy, congenital malformations, and gastrointestinal tract disorders. In the long term, infants of diabetic mothers are at risk of developing neurological and metabolic disorders, which are caused by epigenetic changes. The mentioned risks and complications in children are significantly reduced by rigorous control of maternal diabetes in the preconception period and during pregnancy.


congenital anomalies – gestational diabetes mellitus – infant of diabetic mother – newborn infant

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Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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