Diabetes mellitus and secondary immunodeficiency


Authors: Daniela Kantárová 1,2;  Mojmír Vrlík 2;  Ivana Ságová 1;  Dana Prídavková 1;  Peter Galajda 1;  Marián Mokáň 1
Authors‘ workplace: I. interná klinika Jesseniovej LF UK a UNM, Martin 1;  Martinské centrum imunológie, Martin 2
Published in: Forum Diab 2016; 5(3): 146-150
Category: Topic

Overview

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus is a complex disorder which affects multiple organs and organ systems, not excluding the immune system. It is quite frequently caused by secondary immunodeficiency – therefore it affects mechanisms of both non-specific (chemotaxis, phagocytosis) and specific immunity (generation and maturation of B- and T-lymphocytes). Diabetes is associated with an increased incidence of infectious diseases – mainly those of the urogenital tract, skin and airways. The course of infections in diabetics is more serious, involving more complications, requiring aggressive treatment and lastly it is associated with higher mortality.

Key words:
diabetes mellitus – complicated infections in patients with diabetes mellitus – non-specific immunity – secondary immunodeficiency – specific immunity


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Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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