Diabetes mellitus and glaucoma


Authors: Mária Praženicová
Authors‘ workplace: II. Očná klinika Slovenskej zdravotníckej univerzity, FNsP FD Roosevelta, Banská Bystrica
Published in: Forum Diab 2013; 2(3): 189-191
Category: Main Theme: Review

Overview

Association of glaucoma with diabetes mellitus (DM) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is controversial and often confusing for different definitions of diabetes and glaucoma. Tielsch et al designed study in 1995 with the purpose to review the association. Results did not confirm association between DM and POAG. In contrast, a metaanalysis of studies published by Bonovasom et al in 2004 showed significant association between DM and POAG. Article gives informations about the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, treatment and prevention of neovascular glaucoma according to previous findings.

Key words:
diabetes mellitus – glaucoma – intraocular pressure – neovascular glaucoma – primary open-angle glaucoma – POAG


Sources

1. Mincler D. Neovascular Glaucoma In: 1.Schacknow PN, Samples JR. (eds) The Glaucoma Book A Practical, Evidence-Based Approach to Patient Care. Springer: New York – Dordrecht – Heidelberg – London 2010, 40: 517–525. ISBN: 978–0-387–76699–7 (print) 978–0-387–76700–0 (on-line).

2. Mocamu C, Barăscu D, Marinescu F et al. Neovascular Glaucoma – retrospective study. Ophthalmologia 2005; 49 (4): 58–65.

3. Bonovas S, Peponis V, Filioussi K. Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma: a metaanalysis. Diabet Med 2004; 21(6): 609–614.

4. Tielsch JM, Katz J, Quigley HA. Diabetes, intraocular pressure and primary open angle glaucoma in the Baltimore Eye Survey. Ophthalmology 1995; 102(1): 48–53.

5. Ohnishi Y, Ishibashi T, Sagawa T. Fluorescein gonioangiography in diabetic neovascularisation. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthal 1994; 232(4): 199–204.

6. Diabetes control and complications trial research group. Progression of retinopathy with intensive versus conventional treatment in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. Ophthalmology 1995; 102(4): 647–661.

7. Boehm BO, Lang G, Volpert O. et all Low content of the natural ocular anti – angiogenic agent pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) inaqueous humor predicts progression of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetologia 2003; 46(3): 394–400.

Labels
Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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